Having a cyst in any part of the body is always a piece of stressful news for us. It may occur almost in each organ. Specialists say that sac-like formations are more likely to develop in the ovaries.
Ovaries are located on each side of your womb. They keep under the control of your menstrual cycle and fertility, releasing the eggs and secreting sex hormones estrogen and progesterone.
Each month the egg matures in the sac called follicle. In the middle of your menstrual cycle follicle ruptures, and the egg travels into the womb. After ovulation, the tissues, which stay in the ovary, are known as corpus luteum.
If a fluid-filled sac is formed during the normal menstrual cycle and usually goes away within several menstrual cycles, it is called functional cyst. Formations, which occur before ovulation, refer to the follicular cysts.
Sometimes a cyst may occur in the corpus luteum (luteal ovarian cysts). Pathological cysts are not related to the normal functioning of your ovaries. They are big enough and don’t leave your ovaries without treatment. The most common of these abnormal cysts include dermoid cysts, endometriomas, and cystadenomas.
The good news is that in the vast majority of cases ovarian cysts are benign. Cysts are filled with liquid or semi-fluid substance. Don’t confuse them with abscess (a sac, which contains pus).
However, occasionally cysts may become malignant, causing ovarian cancer. The problem is, that both benign and malignant cysts may exist for a long time, without causing any symptoms.
But sometimes your body may send one or more of these warning signs if something goes wrong in your ovaries:
Irregular periods – new formations in the ovaries can make your menstruation too heavy or scanty and disturb duration of the cycle.
Pelvic pain – you may suffer from persistent soreness and heaviness in the pelvic area if having an ovarian cyst.
Dyspareunia – neoplasm in the ovary may be a culprit of your painful intercourses and reduced sex drive.
Frequent urge to urinate – women with ovarian cysts often complain of the increased need to go, even when the bladder is empty.
Bloating – abdominal swelling, sense of fullness and gassiness may indicate cyst, formed in your ovarian tissue.
Constipation – ovarian cyst may change your bowel movements and cause rare, painful defecation.
Nausea – you may suffer from frequent nausea, not related to foods you eat if have ovarian neoplasm.
Low back pain – large ovarian cyst may press on the nerves, causing pain in your lower back.
Swollen and tender breasts – ovarian cyst may lead to hormonal imbalance. Excessive production of estrogen usually increases breast sensitivity, like several days before menses.
Faintness – it’s not uncommon that ovarian cyst ruptures or gets twisted, leading to the loss of the consciousness and vaginal bleeding.