Mosquitoes are the member of the fly family. They live in grass and bushes, but their favorite breeding ground is stagnant water. They need blood to reproduce, and therefore they bite human beings.
However, the mail mosquito doesn’t bite, but female mosquito does. They are also recognized as a source of spreading infection. When they bite, they leave an itchy welt behind on the skin. The mosquitoes mostly get attracted to people who use scented perfumes and cream or to the pregnant ladies.
Also, it is seen that they are more likely to attack people with O+ve blood group, or the one who are obese and the one who wear dark clothes.
Harms of Mosquito bite
A commonly asked question is whether mosquito bite is harmful us or not.
The answer is, yes it can be possible that mosquito bite can be dangerous to us but not all have similar effects. The common symptoms include fever, body aches, and dizziness.
However, some of the fatal disease that one can get through mosquito bite is:
1) Dengue Fever
A family of viruses causes this fever. In initial stages, it is easy to control it, but at later stages, this could be quiet fatal.
Some of the symptoms include rash, headache, fever, and body ache. But the bad thing is that no vaccines are available for dengue fever.
According to the reports, approximately 400 million are infected with dengue annually, and 22,000 people die each year because of it.
2) West Nile
This is again could be very dreadful, but luckily the chances are less. On the one hand, people affected by it show no symptoms and some of them while on the other hand, fever or other flu-like symptoms could be noticed.
And the per cent of people whose nervous system gets affected due to it are around 1%
3) Chikungunya Virus
It is a disease caused by Chikungunya virus. The symptoms appear after 2-12 days of the mosquito bite.
The virus causes a headache, fever, muscle pain, rashes and severe pain on the joints due to which person is advised to go for a complete bed rest and require fluids for a speedy recovery.
Till now no vaccines have been discovered for this disease.
It is a life-threatening illness, which is caused by a parasite that infects some species of mosquitoes. It is transmitted through the bite of Anopheles which destroys the red blood cells.
Also, it is better to detect it in early stages in order to control and treat it.
Symptoms include chills, fever, and sweating. Antimalarial drugs are available for treating this disease.
5) Yellow Fever
It is an acute viral haemorrhagic disease. It is quite mandatory to diagnose it because if not detected then its consequences could be life threatening. Its symptoms include a sore throat, fever, chills, headaches and muscle aches. But in severe cases, it causes inflammation of the brain, and spinal cord, failure of some organ or may be death.
It is recommended that before traveling certain areas, one should get vaccinated.
6) Zika Virus
This disease is caused by a virus transmitted by Aedes. The symptoms may include fever, muscle pain, rash, and conjunctivitis. But however if not treated well and on time then it might lead to serious congenital disabilities.
People affected by it are advised to take proper bed rest and consume fluids. At present no vaccines have been discovered to prevent this disease.
How to get rid of mosquito bites?
We have come to know about the harms of mosquito bites and now it is important for us to know that how to get rid of mosquito bite.
1) Dry Bar of Soap
Take a fresh and dry bar of soap; rub it on the affected area. It will give you temporarily relief.
But make sure you wash it as soon as you get relief.
2) Green tea bag
Tea bags are known to possess anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties due to which when we keep wet tea bag the inflammation and itching fade away.
Mouthwash has menthol in it which acts as a cooling agent and provides you relief from itching. Also, it prevents infection from occurring because it possesses anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antiseptic properties.
It is one of the most efficient remedies because of anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties of honey.
Just apply small quantity of honey on the bite; it will give you a soothing effect. It is always good to use raw honey for this purpose.
5) Baking Soda
Take one spoon of baking soda and mix it with water to make a thick paste. Now apply a coat of it on the affected area for 10-15 minutes. You will notice that inflammation and itching subsidies shortly.
Don’t just directly apply baking soda on the bite.
6) Aloe Vera
Aloe Vera will give you relief from itching like no other remedy. Smear gel of Aloe Vera on the bug bite because of its anti-inflammatory properties the inflammation will reduce, the itching will fade, and it will heal at a faster rate.
7) Turmeric powder
Turmeric powder has antibacterial, antiviral, anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory properties that do wonders for your bite. Create a paste by blending turmeric powder with water and apply it on the bite.
Basils contain chemical compounds like eugenol that relaxes you from itchy bites. It is not a handy remedy. First, you will need to boil 2 cups of water and then around half an ounce of basils to it.
Leave the mixture so that it gets cool. Now take any cotton cloth, dip it in this mixture and generously rub it on the bug bite.
Unlike basils, it is quite a handy procedure. You just need to apply any herbal toothpaste like neem toothpaste on the mosquito bite and leave it until it seems to relax you.
10) Lemon/ Lime Juice
Apart from relieving the affected area, it will also prevent infections. Apply lemon or lime juice on the bite, and you will see that how quickly it reduces itching and soothes you.
Rubbing a fresh piece of raw garlic will be beneficial for you. It will relax the affected area, but it may accompany with burning sensation.
Also, the smell of garlic will prevent mosquitoes from biting you at the later stages.
Yes, it is true that vinegar will provide you relief from a mosquito bite. Apply a little bit of vinegar directly on the bite area.
You can even put 2-3 drops of vinegar into a bucket full of water and bath with it. It might seem strange, but it will yield positive results.
13) Salt Paste
It sounds quite painful, but that isn’t the case. Just make a thick paste of salt and water and apply it over the bite, but make sure it appropriately and finely grounded.
Create a paste of oatmeal and water and apply on the infected area. The oats have anti-irritant properties that will give you a soothing effect. And if you have many mosquito bites on your body then sprinkle some oatmeal in the bathtub containing warm water and then take a bath.
Cut a slice of cucumber and rub it on the bug bite and you will feel cooling effect. It is due to the presence of an anti-inflammatory substance in cucumber called fisetin.
Very few people know this that onion can be used to remove the sting from the mosquito bite.
Place fresh onion slice on the bite for some time. Remove the slice when you itchiness fades.
Alcohol due to its antiseptic properties can work well for this problem. Apply a bit of alcohol on the bite and you will notice that itching sensation would vanish and also it will prevent infections.
18) Crushed Ice
As we know, ice reduces inflammation so that same can be applied in the case of a mosquito bite.
A cold pack of crushed ice will also reduce itching. So it provides double benefits.
Don’t keep it for so long as it may result in rashes.
To get instant relief from mosquito bite prepare juice of neem leaves and apply it on the bite area. It’s antiseptic, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties will fade away the redness and itching sensation as well as prevent infection
20) Essential Oils
There are many essential oils like cedar, neem, rosemary, and lavender oil. Dilute any of this oil with water and apply directly to the bite to get relief from the bite.
Precautions to avoid mosquito bites
Because Prevention is better than cure.
1) Use Insects Repellents
Use those repellents that have at least 20% DEET to protect you from mosquito, insects, and tick’s bite. Also, keep few things in mind when using repellents:
a) Don’t apply repellents under your clothing.
b) Don’t use cream which work as both mosquito Repellent and sunscreen.
c) Don’t apply it over cuts or wounds.
d) Don’t spray directly on the face, first spray it on your hands and then apply to face.
2) Remove Mosquito Breeding places
Make sure there is no stagnant water in buckets or other containers in your house. Change water of container in which you feed birds. Keep swimming pool water clean.
3) Use Barriers
By using the word barrier here, I mean that try out ways so that mosquitoes don’t come in contact with you. For this purpose, you can use bed nets. Cover holes or gaps in walls, windows, and doors. Also, try to keep windows and doors always shut especially during nights.
4) Personal protection
Wear full sleeves top and full pants to avoid mosquito bite. If needed tuck in your tops in pants and pants into socks. Avoid visiting outdoor especially in parks. Replace those lights outside your house with yellow bulbs as they attract fewer mosquitoes.
5) Beware of Peak time and Mosquito prone places
Avoid visiting places like parks, grasslands, etc which are more prone mosquitoes because the chances of you getting bitten will increase. And if required then apply mosquito repellents or wear full sleeves clothes and then only leave the house.
Also, the peak time when these mosquitoes are highly active is evening dark.
Myths & Facts
|Mosquitoes can spread AIDS.||No evidence till now that can prove that mosquitoes transmit AIDS.|
|Mosquitoes have teeth through which they bite us.||Mosquitoes don’t have teeth, it’s their snouts that create biting effect.|
|If mosquitoes bite you a lot, then it means that your blood attracts them.||There is no scientific proof that why mosquitoes bite some people more than the other but it is said that mosquitoes get attracted towards carbon dioxide.|
|Both male and female mosquitoes bite.||It is only the female mosquitoes that bite because they need blood for reproduction.|
|Mosquitoes insert something deadly inside the skin, and therefore you get redness and that small on the affected area.||The saliva that mosquito injects in the blood has is not compatible with the body and in response to which the body releases antibodies. Also antihistamines will collect where the bite has occurred and this increase in antihistamines will cause redness and itching sensation.|
|All mosquitoes carry disease.||The fresh water species of mosquito only cause diseases like Dengue,etc.|
|Mosquito bites are not felt because the snouts of mosquitoes are very small.||Its not the snouts because of which one doesn’t feel mosquito bites, it’s the mild painkiller present in the saliva which reduces the pain.|
|After sucking the blood mosquito dies.||The female mosquito sucks the blood until its abdomen is full. As soon as the abdomen is full the mosquito starts laying eggs and starts the process again.|
|Mosquito can bite anyone no matter that the person is large in size or small.||Mosquitoes tend to bite adults more than children because adults release more carbon dioxide and heat as compared to children.|
|It is just the female mosquito that makes a buzzing sound in the ears.||The clap of the mosquito wings creates buzzing sound, therefore male mosquitoes can also make that buzzing sound.|
Ques 1) What is the best way to protect yourself against Mosquito bite?
Ans) Use mosquito repellents containing DEET. This could be the best possible solution.
Ques 2) What to do when you get a mosquito bite?
Ans) The handiest way is to wash the bite with soap and cold water.
Ques 3) When are mosquitoes active?
Ans) Mosquitoes are active during summers and rainy season. And that too after evening.
Ques 4) Why does mosquito bite itches?
Ans) The itching occurs due to injection of anticoagulant with mosquito’s saliva when it sucks the blood.
Ques 5) What can be done to prevent Mosquitoes?
Ans) Eliminate mosquitoes breeding place by emptying the water from the bucket, bird bath, etc.
Ques 6) How long mosquito bites last?
Ans) The bump that is seen after mosquito bite lasts for not more than 24 hours.
Ques 7) How much blood a mosquito can suck?
Ans) Varying from species to species mosquito can suck blood from 0.001 and 0.01 millilitres.
Ques 8) Why do some people get bitten by mosquito more than other?
Ans) Although there is no evident proof for this, it is said that mosquitoes get attracted to carbon dioxide, heat, bacteria from the sweat.
Ques 9) How many times maximum a mosquito can bite?
Ans) A female mosquito bites until her abdomen is full.
Ques 10) Can mosquitoes transmit STIs?
Ans) Yes Zika virus can be transmitted sexually by the mosquito.